What causes pigmentation?

Pigmentation can come in many forms including brown spots, age spots, liver spots. Simply put, pigmentation refers to the small, freckle-like marks that are caused by excessive sun exposure. They commonly appear on the face, chest, shoulders and arms because those areas of the body get the most sunshine. Ultraviolet (UV rays) accelerate the production of melanin, which gives skin its brown pigmentation. Brown spots result from overactive pigment cells and melanin being grouped together in higher concentrations. Melanin tends to develop in small circles in a concentrated area.

These spots are mostly harmless and are usually addressed for cosmetic reasons. If you do notice an unusual brown spot on your skin, be sure to monitor its size and color. Schedule an appointment with your doctor if the spot does change.

What is melasma?

Melasma is a common skin condition in which brown or gray-brown patches develop on the face. It commonly forms on the forehead, bridge of the nose, cheeks, lips and chin and other areas of the body that get a lot of sunlight. Melasma is sometimes called the
“mask of pregnancy” because women often develop it during that time.

The cause of melasma isn’t clear, but it occurs when melanocytes (the color-making cells in the skin) produce too much pigment. This condition is triggered by hormonal shifts and increased sun exposure.

What is sun damage?

Sun damage describes premature aging of the skin due to exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays. There are two types of UV rays that cause sun damaged skin: UVA and UVB. UVA are longer-wave rays that activate the skin in an unhealthy way and will give your skin a tanned appearance. These rays are not responsible for sunburns. They penetrate the skin deeper than UVB rays and trigger premature aging and sometimes even skin cancer. UVB rays, on the other hand, are shorter-wave rays that are responsible for sunburns, but they can also accelerate early signs of aging. UVB rays are also considered the most common cause of skin cancers.

How can I reduce sun damaged skin?

Fortunately, some signs of sun damage can be reversible! If unwanted pigmentation is one of your major cosmetic concerns, you’re in luck. We provide a variety of non-invasive, non-surgical treatments for reducing brown spots. All of our skincare treatments are perfect for providing clearer, smoother skin. In order to determine which treatment(s) are right for you, we recommend scheduling a consultation. During your first visit, we’ll cover your aesthetic goals and create a treatment plan just for you.

Book pigmentation reduction in Burlington, Vermont

Pigmentation is one of the most common cosmetic concerns, but it’s also one of the easiest to treat.* The medical estheticians at Bare Medical Spa + Laser Center will provide you with both an in-depth skin analysis and an effective treatment plan. Get started today by calling (802) 861-2273 or book online using the button below.


* Individual results may vary; not a guarantee.


See before and after photos for the aesthetic treatments we offer at Bare Medical Spa + Laser Center.



We're happy to answer any questions you may have. Feel free to call or text us at
(802) 861-2273